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English Parts of Speech – English Grammar Revolution

English Parts of Speech - English Grammar Revolution Parts Of Speech Verb The word verb is taken from a Latin word “Verbum” which means a “word”.   A word which make an assertion or statement to do something. What a person or thing does. What is done to a person or thing. What a person or thing.   Action Verbs Verbs which shows action. Such as teach, go, play, study, write, pluck etc. Examples Children go to school.   Non-Action Verbs Verbs that do not show actions. Such as is, are, am, was, will, shall, has, have, had etc. Examples…

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English Parts of Speech – English Grammar Revolution

Parts Of Speech

Verb

The word verb is taken from a Latin word “Verbum” which means a “word”.

 

A word which make an assertion or statement to do something.

  1. What a person or thing does.
  2. What is done to a person or thing.
  3. What a person or thing.

 

Action Verbs

Verbs which shows action. Such as teach, go, play, study, write, pluck etc.

Examples

Children go to school.

 

Non-Action Verbs

Verbs that do not show actions. Such as is, are, am, was, will, shall, has, have, had etc.

Examples

She is a teacher.

They are girls.

I am a gardener.

 

Kinds Of Verb

1.Transitive Verb

It is the verb which denotes action that passes from subject to the object is called transitive verb.

Example

Shahid kills a snake.

We play football.

 

2.Intransitve Verb

It is the verb which denotes action that does not passes over to object it stop with subject is called intransitive verb.

Example

I go, Salma reads, she went.

 

3.Auxilary Verb/ Helping Verb

It is a verb which loses its original meaning and help the principal verb.

Example

We have gone to Lahore.

Aslam had gone to Peshawar.

Noun

Noun:-

The name of the Place, Person, or Thing is called noun.

Examples

Place:- Hospital, City, House etc.

Thing:- Chair, Pen, Toys etc.

Person:- Animals, Birds, Human etc.

 

Kinds Of Nouns

  1. Common Noun :-

The name of a particular Person, Place, or Thing is called common noun.

Example

Place:- Hospital, City etc.

Thing:- Chair, Table, Book etc.

Person:- Girl, Boy, Woman etc.

 

  1. Proper Noun:-

A word or group of words that is the name of a particular person, place, or thing and that usually begins with a capital letter.

Examples

Place:- Kulachi, Gomal, Bazar etc.

Thing:- Airplane, Pionopen etc.

Person:-Quaid-e-Azam, Alama Iqbal etc.

 

  1. Collective Noun

This kind of noun is the Collection or Number of persons or things.

Examples

Crowd, herd, fleet, team, committer and parliament.

 

  1. Abstract Noun

This kind of noun denotes a Quality, State or Action.

Examples

Quality:- Goodness, Kindness, Whiteness, Hardness, Weakness, Darkness etc.

Action:- Laughter, Theft, Movement, Judgment, Hatred etc.

State:- Childhood, Boyhood, Youth, Slavery, Sleep etc.

 

  1. Countable Noun

Countable noun is something you can count.

Examples

Apples, Books, Pen, Students, Chairs, Nations, Bags, Soldiers etc.

 

  1. Uncountable Noun

An uncountable noun is something you can’t count.

Examples

Wine, Sugar, Water, Sand, Petrol etc.

 

  1. Noun Gender

The Word “Gender” has been taken from a Latin word “Genus” which means kind.

Examples:-

  1. Musculine Gender

Man, Dog, Lion, Camel etc.

Note (Masculine Gender is often used for objects remarkable for Strength or Violence)

Examples

Summer, Winter, Time, The sun, Death etc.

The sun sheds his beams on poor and rich alike.

  1. Feminine Gander

Examples

Woman, Hen, Bitch, She Camel, Girl, She Goat, Female etc.

Note (The Feminine Gender is often applied to objects remarkable for Beauty, Gentleness, Graceful)

Example

The man, Earth, Spring, Justice, nature, Liberty, Peace, Hope, Mercy, Charity etc.

The moon has hidden her face behind a cloud.

 

  1. Common Gender

Examples

Parents, Child, Friend, Pupil, Servant, Person, Orphan, Baby, Monarch, Neighbor, Infant.

 

  1. Neutor Gender

A noun that denotes neither male nor female sex is called Neutor Gender.

Examples

Pen, Chair, Tree, Register, Book, Shoes, Door, Table, Watch etc.

Note (Objects which are personified as male or females are Nouns of the relative kind)

Adjective

The word Adjective came from Greek word Adjectius, which means “add” to

 

A word adds to the meaning of a noun or pronoun is called adjective.

Example

He is good boy

 

Kinds OF Adjective

1.Adjective Of Quality

That types of adjective which shows the quality of noun or pronoun is called adjective of quality.

Example

The garden is beautiful.

The cricket was played brilliantly by him.

 

2.Adjective Of Quantity

That types of adjective which shoes the quantity of a noun or a pronoun is called adjective of quantity.

Example

She ate the whole apple.

I ate some rice.

He has little knowledge.

 

3.Adjective Of Number

That types of adjective which shows the number of something.

Example

One student came forward to become a leader of this class.

Two children make a perfect family.

Four subjects of Management Studies are very difficult.

 

The adjective of numbers are three types

 

(1).Definite Number Adjective

That type of adjective that has exact number is called definite number adjective.

Example

A cricket team has eleven players.

 

 

(2). Indefinite Number Adjective

That type of adjective which does not exact number is called indefinite number adjective.

Example

There are many boys in the school.

 

(3).Distributive Number Adjective

That type of adjective which shows of things is called distributive number adjective.

Example

There are ten students in engineering class and fifty in medical class.

 

4.Demonstrative Adjective

That type of adjective which shows the mutual relationship of things is called demonstrative adjective.

Examples

These shoes fit me very well. (These)

Those shoes are too expensive. (Those)

This is the best day of my life. (This)

That dog is so adorable. (That)

5.Emphasizing Adjective

The adjectives which are used to lay stress on the proceeding noun are called as the emphasizing adjectives.

Example

I saw the killer with my own eyes.

This was the very book that I wanted.

 

6.Exclamatory Adjective

The adjectives which are used to indicate a strong emotion regarding the proceeding noun are called as the exclamatory adjectives. Usually the word ‘what’ is used for this purpose.

Example

What a blessing!

What an idea!

 

Adverb

The word which modifies a verb adjective or another adverb is called simple adverb.

Example

He walks slowly.

This is very sweet mango.

He walks quite slowly.

 

Kinds Of Adverb

1.Adverb Of Time

That adverb which tells us about “When” is called adverb of time.

Example

He returned yesterday.

I get up early in the morning.

 

2.Adverb Of Frequency

That adverb which tells us about “how much” is called adverb of frequency.

Example

He wrote a letter twice.

We go to school regularly.

They played a match with the same team many times.

 

3.Adverb Of Place

That adverb which tells us about “where” is called adverb of place.

Example

Go there.

Let you come in.

He stands next to me.

 

4.Adverb Of Manner

That adverb which tells us about “in what manner” is called adverb of manner.

Example

He writes clearly.

He laughs lovely.

 

5.Adverb Of Degree

That adverb which tells us about “to what extent” or “in which degree” is called adverb of degree.

Example

He is too late.

I am so happy.

6.Adverb Of Affirmation

That adverb which tells us about “confirmation” is called adverb of affirmation.

Example

Surely, he will join us.

The two was completely filled.

 

7.Intrrogative Adverb

Adverbs which are used for asking questions are called interrogative adverbs.

Example

Where do you live?

When will you visit again Singapore?

Why have you not fared well in your recent business enterprises?

Where did you get this beautiful dress?

 

8.Relative Adverb

That adverb which tells us about antecedent is called relative adverb.

Example

That’s the restaurant where we met for the first time.

That picture was taken in the park at which I used to play.

I remember the day when we first met.

There was a very hot summer the year in which he was born.

Tell me the reason for which you came home late.

 

 

Pronoun

Pronoun is a word which is used instead of a noun.

Examples

Aslam goes to school.

Kinds Of Pronoun

  1. Personal Pronoun

A pronoun in a sentence or phrase that refers to a specific person or object.

Examples

Personal pronouns are three cases.

Cases Of Pronoun

Nominative Case Possessive Case Objective 1st Person
I, We My, Mine, Our, Our’s Me,Us I, We
You Your, Your’s You 2nd Person
You
He, She, It, They His, Her, Its, Thiers, Their’s Him, Her, It, Them 3rd PersonHe, She, It, They

 

 

Personal Pronoun is directly referring to the person.

Example

I, We, You, Your’s, Your, He, She, It, its, His, Her, Him, It, Our, Our’s, Us, They, Their, Theirs, My, Mine, Me, Them.

 

  1. Reflexive Pronoun

This kind of pronoun is made by adding self or selves to other Personal Pronoun.

Example

My Self, Him Self, Our Selves, Them Selves, It Selves, Your Self etc

Use In Sentence

He will hurt himself.

We shall enjoy ourselves.

I shall play myself.

They will write themselves.

You will solve the sum yourself.

 

  1. 3. Demonstrative Pronoun

A Pronoun used to point out an object.

Example

This, That, These, Those,
This is a book.

That is a tractor.

These are students.

Those are books.

 

  1. Indefinite Pronoun

A Pronoun that refers to a person or thing.

Person Or Persons.

Thing Or Things.

Examples

One, Some, Somebody, Anybody, Many, A Few, Anyone.

Use In Sentence

 

  1. One should do one’s duty.
  2. Some are born great.
  3. Nobody attended the meeting.
  4. A few boys are playing.
  5. Many lost luggage in the journey.
  6. Someone stolen my watch.

 

  1. Relative Pronoun

A Pronoun that does the work of a conjunction.

Examples

Who, Whose, Which, Whom, That etc.

 

Use In Sentence

  1. I met the teacher and he is my relative.
  2. This boy whom I saw was knocking at the door.
  3. The woman whose purse has been stolen is weeping.
  4. The moment which lost is lost forever.
  5. All that glitter is not gold.

 

6.Interragative Pronoun

The kind of pronoun is used in asking a question.

Example

Who are you?

Why are you late?

 

  1. Distributive Pronoun

A Pronoun that refers to a person or persons, thing or things. One at a time.

Example

Each, Either, Neither.

  1. Each of us won a prize.
  2. Neither of them is honest.
  3. Either of them is a lair.

Preposition

It is the word that is placed before a noun or a pronoun to show the thing or place denoted by it in relation to something else is called preposition.

OR

A word which tells us the relation between two things or places is called preposition.

Example

In, off, at, to, with etc

The book is on the table.

 

Types Of Preposition

 

1.Simple Preposition

Simple Prepositions are “short” or “little” words that express relationships including those of space, time, and degree.

Example

At, by, for, from, in, into, of, off, on, out, over, till, to, up, upon, with, under, down

My son is sitting at the table, doing their homework

There’s someone at the front door: I heard the bell ring.

 

2.Compound Preposition

Preposition formed by adding prefix (a, be) to a noun or an adjective is called compound preposition.

Example

About, above, across, below, beside, beneath etc

According to his mother, he often talked in his sleep.

Her face was perfect aside from that one hairy mole.

The bucks fought hard and it’s all because of a doe.

The detective didn’t know he was sitting next to a wanted man.

 

3.Phrase Preposition

Group of word with a preposition is called phrase preposition.

Example

In accordance with, in spite of, across through, peep through, in care of.

The book with the tattered cover has been read many times.

All the passengers aboard the runaway train were frightened.

The present inside the big box is mine.

Our boss put out a memo regarding the new rule.

 

Place

Went about the world

Ran across the road

Leaned against a wall

Quarreled among themselves

At death’s door

Sit on bench

Stood before the door

Stood behind the curtain

Lies below the surface

Sat beside me

Stand by me

Rain comes from cloud in the sky

Tour round the world

Marched through towns

Put pen to paper

Lay under the table

Climbed up the ladder

Within the house

 

Time

After his death

At an early stage

For many year

From first April

In the afternoon

Lived under the master

Lasted through the night

Throughout the night

Wait till tomorrow

Ten minutes to twelve

Towards evening

Rise with sun

Within a month

 

 

Agency

Sell goods at auction

Sent the parcel by post

Was stunned by below

Destroyed by fire

Heard this through a friend

Cut it with a knife

 

 

Manner

Dying by inches

Fought with courage

Won with ease

 

 

Cause/Purpose

Labored for the good of humanity

Died of fever

Place for a picnic

Did it for your good

Suffers from malaria

Concealed it through shame

Shiver with fever

 

 

Possession

No many on him

The boy with red hairs

 

Contrast/Concession

After every effort

For one enemy a hundred friend

With all her faults I love her

 

Measure

Charged interest at nine percent

Cloth sold by yard

Taller they you

 

 

Motive

From what I know of him

I hesitate to trust him

He did it from gratitude

Light emanates from sun

Skills come from practice

 

Conjunction

It is a word that joins two words or sentences is called conjunction.

Example

Ali and Aslam are friends.

He has to work hard otherwise he would fail

 

Types Of Conjunction

 

1.Correlative Conjunction

That conjunction which is used in pairs is called correlative conjunction

 

Examples

  1. Either …or…
  • Either John or George must have done this mischief.

 

  1. Neither…nor…
  • Neither peter nor Andrew has passed the test.

 

  1. Both…and…
  • For seeking admission in a US university, you should sit for both GRE and TOEFL.

 

  1. Whether…or…
  • I do not know whether my father is arriving by the 8o’clock flight or 9o’clock flight.

 

  1. Not only…but also…
  • She not only wrote the screenplay for the movie but also acted a role in it.

 

  1. Such…as…
  • I see only such movies as have good songs.

 

  1. Such…that…
  • Such was the weather the whole of today that I decided to stay indoors.

 

  1. As…as…
  • If you are as intelligent as your father, it will not be difficult for you to run your family business.

 

  1. As…so…
  • As you sow, so you reap.

 

  1. Hardly…when…
  • I had hardly sat down for dinner, when the phone rang.

 

  1. So…that…
  • I left home early so that I would not miss the 7o’clock train to the city.

 

  1. Scarcely…when…
  • Clinton had scarcely reached the platform when the train started moving.

 

  1. Between…and…
  • The meeting will take place between 5 p.m and 6 p.m.

 

  1. As many as
  • There are as many chairs as there are students.

2.Compound Conjunction

That conjunction which are used in the form of compound expressions

Example

In order that:- He comes to school in order that to learn something.

Provided that:- I will teach you provided that you too give me feedback.

 

 

 

Interjection

The interjection is a part of speech which is more commonly used in informal language than in formal writing or speech. Basically, the function of interjections is to express emotions or sudden bursts of feelings. They can express a wide variety of emotions such as: excitement, joy, surprise, or disgust.

 

What are the Structures and Importance of Interjections?

 

Interjections can come in the form of a single word, a phrase, or even a short clause. Aside from that, they are usually (but not always) placed at the beginning of a sentence. The importance of interjections lies in the fact that they can convey feelings that may sometimes be neglected in the sentence.

 

Example

“That book is about vampires.”

 

One person can write it as:

 

That book is about vampires.

Or

 

That book is about vampires.

But then again, another person might use an interjection to show the same feeling of disgust (as in sentence number 2):

 

Eww! That book is about vampires.

So you see from the sentence above that the word “eww” conveys the emotional response to what is said in the sentence. It can act as a replacement for emoticons and are more appropriate to use in writing, especially in character dialogues.

 

 

Kinds of Interjections

 

 

Adjectives that are used as interjections.

Examples

 

Nice! You got a Monster Kill in your first game!

Sweet! I got a PS4 for my birthday!

Good! Now we can move on to the next lesson.

The italicized words in the sample sentences above are just some of the adjectives that can be used as interjections.

 

Nouns or noun phrases that are used as interjections.

Examples

 

Congratulations, you won the match.

Hello! How are you?

Holy cow! I forgot my keys!

The italicized parts of the sentences above are just some of the nouns that can be used as interjections.

 

Short clauses that are used as interjections.

Example

 

Shawie is our chemistry teacher. Oh, the horror!

The short clause that is italicized in the example above functions as an interjection.

 

Some interjections are sounds.

Examples

 

Ugh! I’m never doing that again!

Whew! That was really close!

Uh-oh! Dude, I think we’re in serious trouble.

How do You Punctuate Interjections?

 

Since interjections convey different kinds of emotions, there are also different ways to punctuate them.

 

Exclamation point

The exclamation point is the most commonly used punctuation mark for interjections. Obviously, it is used to communicate strong emotions such as surprise, excitement, or anger.

 

Examples

 

I just replaced your sugar with salt. Bazinga!

Hooray! I got the job!

Hey! Stop messing with me!

Ouch! That must’ve hurt really bad!

Oh! They’re here!

Boo-yah! This is the bomb!

Are you still going to eat that? Yuck!

Yahoo! I got my Christmas bonus!

Eek! There’s a flying cockroach!

Period or comma

For weaker emotions, a period or a comma will suffice.

 

Examples

What’s the answer to number 24?

Me, who cares?

Ah, that feels great!

Oh well, what’s done is done.

Well, what did your mom say?

Um… I don’t think so.

Hmm, your house always smells like freshly brewed coffee.

Question mark

If you intend to use interjections to express uncertainty or disbelief, it is more appropriate to use a question mark.

 

Examples

 

Huh? What did you just say?

What? You still haven’t submitted your project?

Oh, really? I never thought he’s that kind of guy.

What are Other Examples of Interjections?

 

  • Duh
  • Oh
  • Oops
  • Ha
  • Yikes
  • Whoa
  • Geez
  • Yum
  • Oy
  • Eh
  • Wow
  • Yo
  • Yippee
  • Alas
  • Dear
  • Oh
  • Uh-huh
  • Phew
  • Indeed
  • Cool
  • Wicked

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